Health & Medicine

Medical Education

Medical Education is a branch of education devoted to training doctors in the practice of medicine.

Major Medical Specialties:

Allergy and Immunology-> Study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the immune system, including allergy, immune deficiency, and autoimmune disease.

Anesthesiology-> Use of anesthetic agents to prevent pain during surgical or other painful procedures, and procedures necessary to sustain life and health in anesthetized patients.

Colon and Rectal Surgery-> Surgical treatment of disorders of the anus, rectum, and intestines, including enlarged veins around the anus, called hemorrhoids, benign growths called polyps, and colon cancer.

Dermatology-> Diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases of the skin.

Emergency Medicine-> Treatment of patients suffering from sudden, life-threatening injury or illness.

Family Practice-> Comprehensive care of individuals of all ages on a long-term basis.

Internal Medicine-> Nonsurgical diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the internal organs. Subspecialties of internal medicine include endocrinology, gastroenterology, hematology, and rheumatology.

Medical Genetics-> Study, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of genetic disorders.

Neurological Surgery-> Surgical treatment of the nervous system, including the nerves, brain, and spinal cord.

Nuclear Medicine-> Use of radioactive substances to diagnose and treat disease.

Obstetrics and Gynecology-> Diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive system and management of pregnancy, labor, and childbirth.

Ophthalmology-> Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the eyes. Includes correction of defective vision, drug therapy, and surgery of the eye.

Orthopedic Surgery-> Diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the bones, muscles, and associated structures, such as ligaments and tendons. Includes correction of skeletal malformations and treatment of broken bones and other injuries.

Otolaryngology-> Study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the head and neck, such as hearing problems, sinus infections, and cancer of the larynx.

Pathology-> Study of the nature of disease and the changes it causes in the body, including structural and physiological changes that take place in cells, tissues, or organs. Pathologists do not usually treat patients.

Pediatrics-> Study of the growth and development of children, as well as diagnosis and treatment of diseases in children.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation-> Treatment of disorders by physical means, such as heat, cold, and radiation, to restore function to damaged parts of the body.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery-> Surgical treatment, usually of superficial parts of the body, to correct conditions that are disabling or disfiguring.

Preventive Medicine-> Study and use of various measures to prevent disease, including immunization and public health controls.

Psychiatry and Neurology-> Study of the mind and treatment of its disorders, as wells as diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system.

Radiology-> Use of X rays and various other forms of radiation in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Surgery-> Use of manual and instrumental procedures called operations in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and injuries.

Thoracic Surgery-> Surgery of the chest, including surgery of the heart, lungs, and chest wall.

Urology-> Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in females and the urogenital tract in males.

Source: American Board of Medical Specialties